The things about a mole that might alert to you that something suspicious is occurring are as follows

It has become sore or irritable or bleeds for no apparent reason.Usually this may only mean that the mole has been irritated by something external such as knock or rubbing or something that has been put on the skin.This type of irritation will usually go away within a few weeks. Sometimes if it is sore it may mean an infection is present and your doctor may need to examine the mole.Sometimes antibiotics may be needed


The type of irritation that may cause concern is if a mole recurrently or persistently stays irritable for more than two or three weeks.At this stage your doctor definitely needs to be consulted

Sometimes dangerous moles are not irritable,lumpy or bleed and they may be quite flat.

With this type of mole one has to rely on how it looks.Generally dangerous moles look odd even to the untrained eye.Many people will say they do not have the expertise to pick something that looks suspicious but this is not correct.

For example many people can pick someone acting suspiciously without having special training.This is the same situation with odd looking moles.Many people that develop melanomas at a site they can see believe there is something unusual about the spot.Do not ignore your own suspicions and seek a professional opinion.

How to Reduce Your Chances of Skin Cancer?

Protection from the UV radiation is extremely important in order to reduce the chances of skin cancer. You need to be careful all through the year and not just during summers or any particular season. Here are some of the ways in which you can avoid the impact of UV radiation thereby mitigating the chances of skin cancer.

skin cancer
Avoid Exposure to UV Rays
It is recommend you to stay under the shade during the daytime, especially between 10am and 4pm. This will help you avoid excess exposure to the UV rays and reduce your chances of skin cancer.
Use a Sunscreen
If stepping out in the sun cannot be avoided, make sure that you cover your skin with a good quality sunscreen with a minimum protection rating of SPF (30) or more. If you have any special skin condition ask your skin doctor for the type of sunscreen best suited for you.
For the prolonged outdoor activity, it is best to use the sunscreen with SPF (50) or higher. Use a  water resistant cream so that it doesn’t get washed away by perspiration.
You may also consult your skin doctor about the application. Usually, the sunscreen should be applied about 30 minutes before stepping out. It should be reapplied every two hours in case of extended exposure.

skin cancer clinic
Cover your skin with clothing
It is best to cover your skin as much as possible with clothing. Wear full sleeve clothes to cover your arms and a hat to protect your head and face from exposure to the UV rays. It is also recommended that you wear the sunglasses with built in protection from both UVA and UVB.
Examine your skin every month
Examine your skin monthly. Look out for any sores or bumps that do not go away in less than a month. If you find something suspicious consult your skin doctor.

Solar Keratosis

Solar keratosis, which are better known as sunspots, are caused by ultraviolet light shining on the skin. These spots generally take many years to develop in exposed areas. Certain individuals tend to be more prone to developing them, and there is probably a genetic connection.

 People who have blue eyes, freckles and red hair are the most at risk for developing

 They’re often hard to tell from regular skin, but they’re usually slightly red, gritty to the touch and might be irritated if they get scratched. Eventually these can actually turn into squamous cell carcinoma. They usually become sore and lumpy, which is a clear sign of cancer forming. Doctors from the skin cancer clinic Melbourne will usually freeze them with liquid nitrogen in order to have them removed. This is the normal procedure when there are relatively few spots on a patient.

Large areas covered with sunspots often respond well to treatment with creams. Most of these are available only by prescription. Treatment can take between 3 days and 12 weeks depending on the severity of the condition and the cream used. Stronger treatments usually produce more inflammation, but take much less time.

Sensitizing chemicals can be placed on the skin before light is used to activate the chemical, which removes the sunspots with some mild irritation. Surgical means are sometimes used if sunspots persist, return or get painful as this could indicate a more serious skin cancer.


It is generally known that it is a good idea to wear a sunscreen when outside for an extended period.

Over recent times there has been a concern that many people are vitamin d deficient due to lack of sunlight.

sunology-sunscreen-kids-sun-safetySunology-sunscreen-kids-sun-safety these two facts lead to understandable confusion as to how much sun should one get without causing skin damage and how does one go about this.

One approach is to wear sunscreen on the areas of your skin that have seen a lot of sun exposure over time eg the face,hands and arms and try to expose areas that are not so frequently exposed eg the trunk. This may be difficult in very cold weather.

It should be noted that one cannot burn behind glass and also the beneficial ultraviolet rays that produce vitamin d in the skin do not get through the glass.

Generally sun exposure for less than 20 minutes does not need a sun block and it also allows one to get a degree of sun exposure to produce vitamin d.

For some people these suggestions do not work very well. In this situation oral vitamin d supplements can be used.

It has been shown that a low vitamin d level can make an individual more prone to develop sun spots and perhaps some skin cancers. Thus it is well worthwhile paying attention to one’s vitamin d levels but at the same time not overdoing the sun.

It is a matter of taking a balanced approach to sunlight and protection.


The portion of sunlight that can cause burning and tanning is the ultraviolet b-band.This band is also responsible for the production of sunspots (solar keratosis and skin cancer).Use-As-Directed

Interestingly this is also the portion of sunlight that produces vitamin d in the skin.

There is also another band of ultraviolet light-ultraviolet a.This does not usually cause burning.Ultraviolet a can penetrate quite deeply in the skin and in the longer term causes skin ageing and wrinkles. It may also have a lesser role than ultraviolet b in producing skin cancer.

Sunscreens have different components that block ultraviolet a and ultraviolet b.

Sunscreens that block both are called broad spectrum .These days most sunscreens are broad spectrum.

The spf factor of a sunscreen refers to its ability to block ultraviolet b.Many sunscreens today are spf 30 to 50. A sunscreen with a spf 30 is quite adequate for individuals that have normal sun expsosure,however those who spend long periods outside a spf 50 may be more useful.

Reapplying sunscreen after a time is needed especially if one sweats or is immersed in water.Sunscreens for these situations are available that have greater water resistance –often up tp 4 hours.Reapplication is necessary after this time to maintain adequate protection.

At one stage concern was raised that sunscreens could be absorbed from the skin and cause internal toxicity.

A large number of studies have failed to find internal toxic effects from sunscreens.