Skin Cancer Information


Skin cancer information

The Following may be Signs of underlying Skin Cancer

  • Spots that are constantly inflamed, irritable bleeding or tender on pressure
  • Black or brown spots that have become increasingly prominent, spread out irregularly or look strange

If any of the above mentioned symptoms occur we recommend a medical examination by a suitably qualified specialist who will be able to determine or confirm the diagnosis. (Please note that all spots showing these symptoms are not necessarily skin cancers, that being said, it is better to be certain)

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Skin cancer types:

Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell carcinoma accounts for about 90% of all skin cancers. It is the most common and least aggressive skin cancer; it tends to remain localised and not spread. This cancer occurs more frequently in sun exposed areas of the body, and symptoms may include irritation, bleeding, constant redness or appear as a non-healing sore.Having a skin check can help diagnose this skin cancer and appropriate treatment via Surgery, Freezing, and Creams or occasionally X-ray can be given.

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma accounts for about 5% of skin cancers and can spread to other parts of the body. It may appear as a red, tender lump that persists. Surgery or x-ray treatment is required, sometimes as a combination. Early detection lessens the possibility of spreading.

Melanoma is a less common skin cancer, and can be life threatening. It can appear as a change in an existing mole, or from previously apparently normal looking skin. It does not usually cause irritation or bleeding. Melanoma can spread very quickly. Surgical treatment is required, and when detected early, removal is easier with less likelihood of spreading. The chance of spreading is determined by pathology after removal and measurement of depth of skin penetration.

Solar keratoses (sun spots)

Solar keratoses (sun spots)
Sun spots sometimes progress to a skin cancer. They are rough, slightly irritable spots and usually occur in sun exposed areas. Treatment can consist of a variety superficial treatments. These include freezing, creams and other topical treatments.

Unusual and abnormal moles can be hard to identify, however If you suspect any moles look odd, do not ignore them. It is strongly recommended that you have these checked by a suitably qualified medical practitioner. We cannot emphasise this enough.

Factors that increase the possibility of developing abnormal moles include:

  • Fair skin that burns easily
  • Numerous existing moles
  • Family history of sun spots or skin cancer
  • Individuals on immune suppressing drugs such as cortisone
  • Lifestyles that involve significant outdoor exposure

The most reliable method of detection is visual examination by a professionally trained medical practitioner. Further confirmation can lead to the mole being surgically removed and sent to pathology for testing which is a service that we can arrange.